Hiking in Naiman Nuur- Navel Eight Lakes

Naiman Nuur- Navel Eight Lakes, which was created by volcanic eruptions centuries ago and is now part of the 11,500 hectare Khuisiin Naiman Lake Natural Reserve. The lakes are 70 km south-west of Orkhon waterfall, but the roads are often virtually impassable.  The road between  Kharkorum and Eight lake is one of the best places in the country to see falcons and hawks, particularly the saraa moon  hawk.


Gobi Gurvan Saikhan Mountains

Even in the heat of the summer months, one can find ice in shaded corners of this valley. The rare and shy snow leopard still prowls these mountains, though you are more likely to see ibex tiptoeing their way across the sheer rock faces above. Meanwhile, hordes of Pallas's Pikas scamper around at ground level.


Yoliin Am

Vulture's Gorge nestled in the Gobi Gurvan Saikhan National Park. Yoliin Am features a narrow canyon, so deep that even in the middle of summer ice and snow remain in the valley floor. Visitors arrived to see the permanent ice, the endemic plants and impressive wildlife such as the numerous vultures, ibex, argali and snow leopard.

Khongoriin Els (Singing Dunes)

It is the largest accumulation of sand in the Gobi Gurvan Saikhan National Park due to beautiful sounds created by patterns in the sand on a windy day. They are 3-25 km wide, over 180 km long and up to 800 metres high. A climb to the top gives amazing views across the dunes and the surrounding desert. This desert area is inhabited by traditional camel herders. It is a great place to learn about these fascinating animals and ride them across the desert.

Bayan Zag

Flaming Cliffs is a world-renowned dinosaur fossil exploration site. In the 1922 American paleontologist Roy Chapman Andrews from Museum of Natural History (New York) discovered great number of bones.

Baga Gazariin Chuluu-this granite rock formation in the middle of Gobi dusty plains sheltered Great Saint Zanabazar during conflicts between the Khalkh and Oirat Mongols. Later it was home to 19th-century monks who left rock drawings in the area. Locals who sometime make pilgrims here worship the rocks. Naturally, there is a legend that Chinggis Khaan grazed his horse here. If you can’t see snow leopard but they will see you definitely.

Sum Khokh Burd 300years ago a palace was built here, and 150 years later the writer Danzan Ravjaa built a stage on top of the ruins. Enough of the temple and palace remain to give you some idea of their previous magnificence.

Orkhon waterfall is situated on the Orkhon river, which flows an incredible 1120km to the north before it joins the mighty Selenge River.  The waterfall, called Ulaan Tsutgalan, was formed by a unique combination of volcanic eruptions and earthquakes about 20,000 years ago. It is magnifiecent, especially after some heavy rain.

Terkhiin Tsagaan Nuur, also known as Great White Lake is a lake in the Khangai Mountains in central Mongolia. According to legend, the lake was formed when an elderly couple forgot to cap a well after fetching water. ..

The Khorgo volcano is located near the eastern end of the lake and the Suman River springs from lake.

Shankh khiid- Shankh Monastery, once known as the Western Monastery, is the only one of many in the area which survived other than Erdene Zuu. Shankh was renowned because of the visits by, and the donations from, the Saint Zanabazar. As elsewhere, the monastery was closed in 1937, temples were burnt and many monks were shipped off to Siberia. During the years of repression, five monks secretly kept the monastery alive in a local ger at great risk to themselves. The main temple is currently being slowly restored. Buddhist ceremonies usually start at 10 am and visitors are welcome.

Kharkhorin  In 1220 Chhinggis Khan decided to build the capital city of his vast Mongolian empire at Karakorum, 373 km south-west of Ulaanbaatar. Building was completed by his son, Ogodei Khaan, after Chingis khaan’s death, but Karakorum served as the capital for only 140 years before Khubilai Khaan moved it to what is nowadays Beijing. Visitors at the time, including Marco Polo, reported that Karakorum had several ornate buildings, such as the 2500sq metre Palace of Worldly Peace and a fountain designed by French sculptor. Following the move to Beijing, and the subsequent collapse of the Mongolian empire, Karakorum was abandoned and then later destroyed by hordes of Manchurian soldiers.

 Whatever was left of Karakorum was used to help build the Erdene Zuu monastery in 16th century. Erdene Zuu monastery Hundred treasures was the first centre of Buddhism in Mongolia, one tenth original size of Karakorum, was built on the site in 1586 under the order of Abtai Sain Khan, a distant relative of Chinggis Khan. During its peak period of activity, this flourishing monastery housed over 60 and 100 temples; about 300 gers were set up inside the walls and, at its height, maybe up to 10000 monks were in residence. There is virtually nothing left of Karakorum during the Stalinist purges; the modern and fairly dreary town of Karakorum was built on the same spot. But it is the remains of Karakorum, and the restored temples at Erdene Zuu monastery, which justifiably attract visitors today.

The Khuisyn Naiman Nuur-Navel Eight Lakes National Park is located in the Central Mongolian Khangai mountain range and represents a typical high mountain area of Mongolia. The area of Khuisyn Naiman Nuur-Navel Eight Lakes, which was created by volcanic eruptions centuries ago and highest point is 3,163 metres above sea level Khuisyn Naiman Nuur-Navel Eight Lakes is located on over 2,400 metre above sea level. The area of 11,500 hectare size was declared a National Park in 1992. From the lakes, about 35km southwest of Orkhon Khürkhree waterfall, but the roads are often virtually impassable. These lakes with fresh water and interconnected by ground water channels such as Shireet, Khaliut, Bugat, Khaya, Khuis, Onon, Doroo, Bayan-Uul are called Khuisyn Naiman Nuur Navel Eight Lakes. The lakes located in a high mountain area with sub alpine mountain meadows and coniferous forests of Siberian Pine and Siberian Larch; flat valley areas with lava stone fields in the north of the protected area and barren mountain tops, and the lakes. In this area, there are 55 species from 23 families have been recorded and   many birds such as Black-throated Diver Gavia arctica, Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo, Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus and Whooper Swan Cygnus Cygnus, Swan Goose Anser cygnoides, many others are spent summer from South East Asia.  The road between Kharkhorin and Khuisyn Naiman Nuur Navel Eight Lakes is one of the best places in the country to see falcons and hawks, particularly Moon hawk Saraa. If you come here in summer time and you will see ground will be a carpet of colorful wild flowers. National Park is suitable for bird watching, hiking and trekking, horse riding, kayaking, rafting, photographing and filming natural scenery.


Ogii Lake is located in the valley of the Orkhon River, 350 km west of Ulaanbaatar. The site is a mesotrophic, freshwater lake with an extensive alluvial plain. The Khogshin Orkhon River enters the lake from the west. A small river, Khooloin Gol, drains the lake. There are extensive wet grasslands along the valleys of these rivers, and small pools and marshy areas along the western side of the lake. The remainder of the site comprises grassland and mountain steppe. Intensive livestock grazing takes place throughout the year. A small-scale commercial fishery operates in winter, and recreation and tourism activities are on the increase. Overgrazing, grassland degradation in dry summers, poorly managed tourism activities and steppe fires pose serious threats to the site. The IBA contains Ogii Lake Ramsar Site.

 Altai Tavan Bogd National Park The largest and most picturesque mountains of Mongolia lie in the far west. Some peaks tower above 4000m, and many are permanently glaciated. Home to rare species like the Argali sheep, ibex and lynx, the region is a great destination for wildlife enthusiasts.

The snow-capped Ikh Mongol mountain, old name was Khuiten Uul 4374 m, is the highest of the five peaks of Tavan Bogd Mountains that gives the park its name Altai Tavan Bogd-5 Holy Saints. It covers an area of 630,000 hectare and is home to three large freshwater lakes and 34 glaciers, plus several waterfalls.

The largest, Potaninii Glacier, covers 23 sq km. Tavan Bogd Mountains is considered sacred to local Kazakhs, Tuvas, and Mongolians. The park stretches from Russia along the Chinese border, following the Altai Mountain Range that divides China, Russia, Mongolia, and Kazakhstan, for over 200 km.

 Ancient tribes have left many artifacts, using the region for religious ceremonies. In addition there are numerous Turkic Stone Men and stone burial mounds. Today, tens of thousands of petro glyphs in the park are part of a World Heritage Site. Ethnic Kazakhs inhabit the western provinces, and their colorful way of life, traditions, language and culture are very different than the Mongolians.

 The Kazakhs hunt with trained eagles in the fall and winter months. These magnificent birds are hand raised by a single owner and remain a part of the family until they are re-released into the wild at the age of 8 or 10 years to mate and reproduce.

Kazakh gers are taller, wider and more richly decorated than the Mongolian version. Tush-wall hangings and koshma- felt carpets decorated with stylized animal motifs, are common. Chiy-traditional reed screens are becoming less common.  

 The tourist peak season is from June to September when temperatures are warmer, snow has melted, and tour camps and shuttles are operating. The busiest time is August and September when the weather is best for mountain climbing.

Also around the eagle festivals when tourist add a trip to the countryside. Though the park is still accessible year round with activities like snow skiing and eagle hunting during the cold winter months.

Khovd Bulgan Gol Nature Reserve Located on the southwestern border with China, this reserve was established to help minj-beavers, sable and stone marten.

Khar Us Nuur National Park is protects the breeding grounds for antelope and rare species of migratory pelican, falcon, bustard, partridges and seagulls. Khar Us Nuur, the second largest freshwater lake in Mongolia-but with an average depth of only 4km’s. Khovd River flows into this lake, creating a giant marsh delta.

Khokh Serkh Strictly Protected Area is on the northwestern border with Bayan- Olgii, it helps protect argali sheep, ibex and snow leopard.

Mankhan Nature Reserve is located southeast of Khovd City, it preserves an endangered species of antelope.


Birthplace of Chinggis Khaan

Harzurkhnii Hoh Nuur- Blue lake of Black Heart is about 35 km’s northwest of Tsenkhermandal soum of Khentii province. Here in 1189, the t, but it warrior Temuujin was chosen by his peers to become king of all Mongols and was given the title ‘Genghis Khaan-The King of the Universe’.

Baldan Bereeven Monastery, situated 10 km from Khangal Lake-one of the largest fresh water lake in Khentii province.  Baldan Bereeven Monastery was built in 1777 and at its peak had 5000 monks’ resident but it was demolished in the Stalinist purges of 1937.

Oglogchiin Kherem- Almsgivers wall or also known Chinngis Khaan’s Castle is 3.2km long stone wall located Batshireet soum of Khentii province. It was once tought to be a defensive work or a game preserve, but recent archaeological digs by a Mongolian- American research team have identified at least 60 ancient graves within the walls, indicating that it may have been a royal cemetery

Rashaan Khad huge rock paintings and 20 different types of script writings on it very close to Oglogchiin Kherem.








Gorkhi-Terelj National Park

The Gorkhi-Terelj National Park covers an area of 2,864 square kilometers. The Gorkhi Mountains are covered with thick forests rich in wildlife and there are fascinating rock formations from the Mesozoic era.

Khustai Nuruu National Park

Khustai Nuruu National Park is famous for the re-introduction of Mongoia's wild takhi horse (Przewalsky horse). Takhi horse was once native to Mongolia and became extinct earlier last century. Thought the efforts of several international organizations, this magnificent wild horse now roams in the steppes once again in origin. National Park is after thirty years of extinction in the wild. This desert/steppe environment is also home to maral deer, steppe gazelle, boar, wolf and lynx.

Khogno Khaan mountain

The red rocky mountain of Khogno Khaan (1967m) rising from the steppe is part of a 46,500 hectare natural reserve. Nestled in the foothills is the small monastery complex of Uvgun Khiid - the current monastery down on the valley floor was reopened in 1992, 70 years after the purges which had destroyed the previous buildings.

Lake Khovsgol

Known as the Blue Pearl of Mongolia, Lake Khovsgol is surrounded by mountains covered with pine forests and lush meadows. Containing 1-2% of the world's fresh water, it is the second largest lake in Central Asia. It is 136 kilometres long, 36 kilometres wide and at 1645m above sea level. The lake is frozen from January to May. Its geological origins, flora and fauna are similar to those of its neighbor, Lake Baikal. Over 100 rivers and streams flow into the lake, but only one river flows out. There is an abundance of rare wildlife in and around the lake including several fish species and big horn sheep, called Argali. The Khuvsgul area is home to diverse ethnic groups including the Khalkhas, Buriats and the Tsaatan reindeer people who migrate between Khuvsgul and Buryatia each year. Lake Kuvsgul, cradled in the forested mountains of northern Mongolia, is known locally as Mongolia’s dark blue pearl.